For example you decided to write a custom essay. But firstly, you should understand what essay is.
That is why we will tell you about the history of essay.
Essay (from Fr. Essai “a try, test”, from Lat. Exagium “weighting”) - the literary genre of prose writings, and a small amount of free composition. An essay expresses personal experiences do my homework for me and views of the author on a particular occasion or subject, and not meant to be exhaustive or decisive treatment of the topic (in a parody of Russian Tradition "view, and something "). With respect to volume and function is bordered on one side, with a scholarly article and a literary essay (with which the essay is often confused), on the other - with a philosophical treatise. Essay style characterized by imaginative, mobility association, aphoristic, intimate setting for frank and conversational tone. Some theorists regarded as the fourth, along with the epic, lyric and drama, a sort of fiction.
History of the term
As a special genre, based on the experience of predecessors, Michel de Montaigne introduced essay in his "experience" (1580). His writings, published in 1597, 1612 and 1625, Francis Bacon for the first time in English literature gave the name of Eng. essays. English poet and dramatist Ben Jonson for the first time used the word essayist (English essayist) in 1609.
Development of the genre
In XVIII-XIX centuries essays were one of the leading genres of English and French journalism. The development of essays contributed in England by J. Addison, Richard Steele, Henry Fielding, France - Diderot and Voltaire, in Germany - Lessing and Herder. Essay was the basic form of philosophical and aesthetic debates in Romantic and Romantic philosophers (G. Heine, Thoreau).
Genre of the essay is deeply rooted in English literature essay writers : T. Carlyle, W. Hazlitt, Arnold M. (XIX century); M. Beerbohm, GK Chesterton (XX century). In the XX century essays booming: the genre of the essay addressed the major philosophers, writers, poets (R. Rolland, Bernard Shaw, HG Wells, George Orwell, Thomas Mann, A. Maurois, Jean-Paul Sartre, N. Hikmet).
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