The Local Culture and History of beijing

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The last century of Manchu's reign was a period of invasion, internal and external distress and political turmoil, for example, the Summer Palace, featuring traditional Chinese gardens, was burned down by the British and French forces during the Second Opium War (1858-60).


Beijing's history can trace back to 3,000 years ago.

In 1215, Genghis Khan (1162-1227) burned down the ancient city of Beijing and built a new city called Dadu. In the 13th century, under the rule of Kublai Khan (1215-1294), it became the capital of a vast empire and has remained almost always the Capital of China ever since.

In 1421, the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Yongle, sealed it as the capital city, and with its current name, "Beijing" as the capital. During this period, the central city pattern was created, with the Forbidden City as the center. The design of Beijing City follows the traditional principle of architectural Feng Shui, a system of use of space aimed at achieving maximum harmony between man and nature.

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