Seamless pipes can be manufactured using various different methods, which is very much dependent on the diameter required, or the ratio of the diameter to the thickness of the wall. In general, the manufacturing process of seamless pipe starts with raw steel being cast into a more workable format – a hot solid billet. This is then stretched out and pushed or pulled over a form. This hollow pipe then undergoes an extrusion process whereby it is forced through a die and mandrel. This works to increase the inside diameter and reduce the outside diameter.